Scotland's mythical Loch Ness Monster is generally explained in sf as a surviving aquatic Dinosaur or dinosaur colony, as in William J Makin's "The Monster of the Loch" (20 January-3 March 1934 Pearson's Weekly) with Leslie Arliss (1901-1987); Leslie Charteris's Saint story "The Convenient Monster" (March 1959 The Saint Magazine); Lionel Fanthorpe's "The Loch Ness Terror" (January 1960 Supernatural Stories #38) as by Bron Fane, featuring plesiosaurs; Peter Dickinson's Emma Tupper's Diary (1971) – which for plot reasons shifts the scenario to a different loch; and David Langford's and John Grant's Earthdoom! (1987). In the Doctor Who sequence "Terror of the Zygons" (1975 4 parts), novelized by Terrance Dicks as Doctor Who and the Loch Ness Monster (1976), the monster – though conventionally saurian in aspect – is a hunter-killer Cyborg imported by the Alien Zygons. Fred Hoyle and Geoffrey Hoyle likewise offer an extraterrestrial explanation in "The Monster of Loch Ness" (in The Molecule Men and The Monster of Loch Ness, coll 1971; vt The Molecule Men 1972).
A troglodyte Lost Race inhabits the lake in Janet Caird's The Loch (1968). Greg Bear explains the monster in fantasy terms as an ancient metamorphosed humanoid in The Serpent Mage (1986). [DRL]
see also: J M Morgan.
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