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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Corman, Roger

(1926-2024) US film-maker, a number of whose films are sf. Born in Los Angeles, he graduated in engineering from Stanford University in 1947, and spent a period in the US Navy and a term at Oxford University before going to Hollywood, where he began to write screenplays; his first sale was Highway Dragnet (1954), a picture he coproduced. He soon formed his own company and launched his spectacularly low-budget career. From 1956 he was regularly associated with ...

Heavy Metal

Glossy letter-size US colour Comic-strip magazine inspired by the French magazine Métal Hurlant and initially reprinting English-language versions of mainly sf and fantasy material from this and other French, Italian and Spanish sources alongside similar matter by select US contributors. Published monthly April 1977-December 1985, quarterly from the Winter (i.e., January) 1986 issue and then bimonthly from March 1989, ...

Sheffield, Charles

(1935-2002) UK-born physicist and author, permanently in the USA from 1971, married to Nancy Kress from 1998 until his death; he published the first of more than 100 technical papers and science articles in 1962, and the first of 100 or more sf stories, "What Song the Sirens Sang", in Galaxy for April 1977. Much of his short fiction is assembled in Vectors (coll 1979), Hidden Variables (coll 1981), ...

Polish Sociological SF

A term coined in the 1980s in the wake of the proliferation and popularity of novels and short stories employing science-fictional tropes to allegorically depict and critically analyse either pathologies of the Polish communist state or totalitarianism in general. Several writers were involved in initiating the school, yet in the early 1980s, when most of Janusz A Zajdel's novels were published, he became its most prolific and popular writer, and as a result ...

Claretie, Jules

(1840-1913) French theatre director, drama critic and author, prolific as novelist and playwright; of sf interest is L'Obsession (Moi et l'Autre) (1908; trans Brian Stableford as Obsession 2013), whose protagonist's Identity is split in two, the divided personalities distinct along lines most vividly demarcated in Robert Louis Stevenson's ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. He began to publish work of genre interest with an sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" in Triquarterly for Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959]; he began consistently publishing sf reviews in his "New Fiction" column for the Toronto Star (1966-1967), and later in ...



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