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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 15 August 2022
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Pešek, Luděk

(1919-1999) Czech artist and author, whose first novels (about social inequalities; not sf, but listed below for convenience) were published in Czechoslovakia in the late 1940s, but from 1968, after being exiled by the communist regime, he lived in Switzerland, his books being first published in German translation; they have been widely translated into other languages. His astronomical paintings are well known, and have been featured in National Geographic; one appeared as the cover art for ...

Magic Realism

A term originally used to describe a form of literature most commonly associated with twentieth-century Latin America, most notably in the works of Isabel Allende (1942-    ), Miguel Angel Asturias (1899-1974), Jorge Luis Borges, Alejo Carpentier (1904-1980), G Gabriele Infante (1929-2005), Gabriel García Márquez (1928-2014) and Juan Rulfo (1918-1986). English-language practitioners include Donald Barthelme, Angela Carter, John Hawkes (1925-1998), Salman ...

Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark

Also known as OMD. UK synth-pop band, formed in 1978 by Andy McCluskey (1959-    ) and Paul Humphreys (1960-    ). OMD rode the slipstream of Kraftwerk inflected synth-pop, much as did Gary Numan and the Human League, although the OMD sound is generally speaking brighter, poppier and more upbeat than that of their fellows. This cheerier tone expresses itself even in the seemingly unpromising subject matter of the group's first big hit, "Enola Gay" (on ...

Darwin, Erasmus

(1731-1802) UK physician, philosopher, inventor and poet; grandfather of Charles Darwin (1809-1882) and of Francis Galton. Though he was noted as an inventor of devices (both built and theoretical) from water pumps to speaking machines to a mechanical bird (see Inventions), and though his work as an advocate of the sexual classificatory system of Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) (see Biology) was of considerable importance, it is for his speculative Poetry that Darwin is of interest to the sf ...

Monster Magnet

American rock band formed in New Jersey in 1989. There have been several line-up changes: the original members were Dave Wyndorf, Tim Cronin and John McBain; by 1993 only Wyndorf, the main creative force and songwriter, remained. The group's sound is stoner rock, being musically influenced by such early 1970s bands as Black Sabbath and Hawkwind. / Marvel Comics are a clear inspiration (one track is named "Ego the Living Planet", whilst the lyrics to "Mindless Ones" reference the Doctor ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...



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