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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 May 2024
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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-2024) US critic and academic, a cultural historian in various positions at Stanford University from 1961, in that year giving one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972, despite holding tenure, he was dismissed by Stanford for making speeches allegedly inciting students to riot against the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. He became full professor, again with tenure, at Rutgers ...

Hale, David L

(?   -    ) US author – not to be confused with David L Hale (1949-    ), also an author – of two sf Satires, 2084: The Year of the Liberal (2001), which assumes the Post-Holocaust persecution of conservatives, and a primitive America now called Fairland and ruled by an Hispanic liberal lesbian female; and The Liberal Masters (2002), which ...

Milán, Victor

(1954-2018) US author who has written under his own name and, it is understood, under further names; his acknowledged pseudonyms include Richard Austin, Robert Baron and S L Hunter; House Names include Alex Archer and James Axler. He began publishing sf with "Soldatenmangel" for Dragons of Darkness (anth 1981) edited by Orson Scott Card, and began ...

Lain, Douglas

(1970-    ) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Tone Deaf World or Why I Quit the Drag" in Next Phase for 1996. He has published three novels of sf interest. The portrait of Christopher Robin Milne (1920-1996), Moon in Billy Moon, is grippingly sympathetic as the troubled young man enters various Alternate Worlds, primarily associated with French protest movements in the 1960s and elsewhen; ...

Card Game

Term used to describe a form of Game played with physical cards, generally made from paper, cardboard or plastic, and marked with symbols that make them part of a set. Playing cards appear to have been invented in ancient China at some point between the ninth and thirteenth Centuries CE; some confusion arises from the fact that the earliest examples seem to have been "domino cards" marked with the possible results of throwing a pair of six-sided dice, rather than sets ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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