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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Chapman, Edgar L

(1936-2019) US academic and sf critic, with the English Department at Bradley University (Peoria, Illinois) 1963-2002, then professor emeritus at Bradley until his death. His solo works include studies of Philip José Farmer and Robert Silverberg: The Magic Labyrinth of Philip José Farmer (1984 chap) and The Road to Castle Mount: The Science Fiction of Robert Silverberg (1999). With Carl B Yoke he edited the Alternate History essay collection Classic and Iconoclastic Alternate ...

Čapek, Karel

(1890-1938) Czech author, born in Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire; Bohemia became the largest region of the newly created country of Czechoslovakia after World War One. His pre-War career, which began in 1908, was almost entirely conducted in collaboration with his older brother Josef Čapek, with whom he remained on exceedingly good terms for the rest of his life; they often published as Bratří Čapkové ["The Brothers Čapek"], and are warmly ...

Kimball, Ward

(1914-2002) US animator, director and producer, one of Walt Disney's "nine old men" (see The {WALT DISNEY COMPANY}). / Kimball, full name Ward Walrath Kimball, was born in Minneapolis. He studied at the Santa Barbara School of the Arts, then joined the Disney studio in 1934 as an inbetweener (drawing intermediate frames between key frames so the animation looks smooth); he became an animator in 1936 and was the Animation Supervisor or Directing Animator on films such as Pinocchio (1940), ...

Watlock, W A

(?   -?   ) UK author, probably pseudonymous, of The Next 'Ninety-Three; Or, Crown, Commune, and Colony: Told in a Citizen's Diary (1886 chap), a Near Future Political Satire in which the introduction of the Equal Distribution of Property Act of 1893 causes huge disarray, only saved by an Invasion by Australia, spoofing the Battle of Dorking topos, after which normality is restored. [JC]

Troubetzkoy, Princess Mariya

Married name of UK author Muriel Marie Beddam (?   -?   ), sometimes given as Princess Paul Troubetzkoy; her husband, Paolo or Paul Troubetskoy (1866-1938), was a Russian painter and sculptor, in western Europe after 1917. Exodus A.D.: A Warning to Civilians (1934) with C R W Nevinson, set in the Near Future, anticipates a continuation of strife throughout Europe. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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