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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Social Darwinism

Social Darwinism is the thesis that social evolution and social history are governed by the same principles that govern the Evolution of species in Nature, so that conflict between and within cultures constitutes a struggle for existence which is the motor of progress. Such ideas are inherent in the socio-economic theories of Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), who actually coined the phrase "the survival of the fittest", borrowed by Charles Darwin (1809-1882). Darwin ...

Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri

Videogame (1999). Firaxis Games (FG). Designed by Brian Reynolds, Sid Meier. Platforms: Win (1999); Mac (2000); Lin (2001). / Alpha Centauri is a 4X Game based on an attempt to colonize the eponymous solar system. It is much influenced by the designers' Civilization series of historical games, particularly Sid Meier's Civilization II (1996 ...

Post, Samuel H

(1924-2005) US editor, publisher and anthologist, both of whose sf Anthologies were edited anonymously. The 6 Fingers of Time and Other Stories (anth 1965) assembles six stories from If 1959-1961 (although the cover credits them to Galaxy), the title novella by R A Lafferty having originally appeared as "The Six Fingers of Time" (September 1960 ...

Coughlin, William J

(1929-1992) US defense attorney, judge and author, who also published as by Sean A Key. Of his several thrillers, The Destruction Committee (1971) is of sf interest for its portrait of a Near Future America in which a group of tough Vietnam veterans come together monthly to kill an undesirable, a vigilante procedure culminating in the decision to kill off the left-wing candidate for Vice President in the forthcoming election, deciding to do so on ...

Ad Astra [film]

Film (2019). New Regency Pictures, Bona Film Group, Keep Your Head. Directed by James Gray. Written by Gray and Ethen Gross. Cast includes Loren Dean, Tommy Lee Jones, Ruth Negga, Brad Pitt, Donald Sutherland, Liv Tyler. 123 minutes. Colour. / Several decades into an undated Near Future, the US Space Command sends po-faced Major Roy McBride (Pitt) to Mars on an urgent mission to attempt to communicate at long-distance with his ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos ...



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