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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Battle Angel

Japanese Original Video Animation (OVA) (1993). Original title Gunnm. Based on the Manga by Yukito Kishiro. Madhouse. Directed by Hiroshi Fukutomi. Written by Akinori Endō. Voice cast includes Shigeru Chiba, Miki Itō, Shunsuke Kariya, Mami Koyama and Kappei Yamaguchi. Two 30-minute episodes. Colour. / The aerial City of Zalem dumps its factory waste and other detritus onto the surface below, around which has grown Scrap Iron City. Many its inhabitants are heavily Cyborged, whilst ...

Phantasy Star

Videogame (1987). Sega. Designed by Rieko Kodama, Yuji Naka. Platforms: MegaDrive (1994); MasterSystem (1987); vt Phantasy Star Collection GBA (2002). / Phantasy Star was one of the earliest Console Role Playing Games (see Computer Role Playing Games), and was influential on the development of the unique characteristics of the form. Both this game and its contemporary Final Fantasy II (1988) (see Final Fantasy) added a greater depth of characterization to the formula established by Dragon ...

Snaith, J C

(1876-1936) UK author, mostly in his early career of sentimental romances, of which Mrs Fitz (1910), set in a Ruritania, is of moderate interest; The Coming (1917), set in England, is a fantasy about the Second Coming of Christ. His first sf novel, An Affair of State (1913), is set in a Near Future England raddled by social strife; The Council of Seven (1921) describes a totalitarian Dystopia governed by the eponymous cabal with life-and-death powers over those who threaten its vision of world ...

Evil Genius

Videogame (2004). Elixir Studios. Designed by Demis Hassabis, Sandro Sammarco. Platforms: Win. / Evil Genius is a God Game which serves as a gentle, good-humoured parody of such science-fictional "superspy" films and television programmes as Moonraker (1979) and The Avengers (1961-1969). Within Videogames, its clearest predecessor is perhaps Dungeon Keeper (1997) (see God Games), in which the player adopts the role of a Dark Lord in a generic fantasy milieu, charged with maintaining a vast ...

Gunther, John

(1901-1970) US author, best known for the memoir of the death of his child, Death, Be Not Proud (1948). Of some sf interest are Eden for One: An Amusement (1927; vt Peter Lancelot: An Amusement 1927), in which a mage from another Dimension gives young Peter the opportunity to create an Alternate World to thrive in, which he takes; and The Bright Nemesis (1932), a Graustarkian (see George Barr McCutcheon; Ruritania) thriller set in an obscure Balkan country called Corcisco. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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