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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Corman, Roger

(1926-2024) US film-maker, a number of whose films are sf. Born in Los Angeles, he graduated in engineering from Stanford University in 1947, and spent a period in the US Navy and a term at Oxford University before going to Hollywood, where he began to write screenplays; his first sale was Highway Dragnet (1954), a picture he coproduced. He soon formed his own company and launched his spectacularly low-budget career. From 1956 he was regularly associated with ...

Shaw, W J

(?   -?   ) US author of a Hollow Earth tale, Under the Auroras: A Marvellous Tale of the Interior World by an American Author, Playwright, and Journalist (1888; vt Cresten, Queen of the Toitus; Or, Under the Auroras 1892 as W J Shaw). Within the double narrative frame – the real protagonist, Amos Jackson, tells an unnamed interlocutor the story of his adventures – a Symmesian inner world ...


Russia film (1979). Mosfilm. Directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. Production design Tarkovsky. Written by Arkady and Boris Strugatski, based on their Roadside Picnic (1972; trans 1977). Cast includes Nikolai Grinko, Aleksandr Kaidanovsky and Anatoli Solonitsyn. 161 minutes. Black and white and colour. / The original novel tells of a mysterious ...

Wertham, Fredric

(1895-1981) German-born US psychiatrist and author whose name was legally changed from Friedrich Ignatz Wertheimer in 1927. He is best remembered for his part in the 1950s US outcry against horror and Superhero Comics, expressed in such articles as "What Parents Don't Know About Comic Books" (November 1953 Ladies' Home Journal) and "Blueprints to Delinquency" (May 1954 Readers Digest), and above all in his highly ...

Hardy, Thomas

(1840-1928) UK poet and author, a writer whose greatness is manifest throughout his extremely extensive oeuvre; initially most famous for the novels of his early career, beginning with Desperate Remedies (1871 3vols) and concluding with Jude the Obscure (1896), most of them set in the imaginary county of Wessex (roughly corresponding to Dorset). None of them contain explicit narrative elements of the fantastic, though as Brian W ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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