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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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US amateur Online Magazine produced and edited by Jason Snell (1970-    ). It ran for 57 issues from March 1991 to December 2004, maintaining a bimonthly schedule for 49 of those issues up to Fall 1999. Although InterText was not dedicated wholly to science fiction, the majority of its contents was Speculative Fiction and Fantasy: it was one of the earliest such online magazines, following FSFnet and Quanta. Snell himself acknowledged the precedence of Quanta and Athene, the ...


US Semiprozine, originally a Fanzine, advertised as quarterly but in its earlier years often irregular; edited by D Douglas Fratz with Steven Goldstein as managing editor #1-#5 and sole editor of #6; 44 issues 1973-1992, #43/#44 being a double issue. / Thrust #1 appeared in February 1973 as the magazine of the University of Maryland Science Fiction Society, with the first two issues carrying covers by Maurice Scott Dollens; it became independent of UMSFS with #7 dated Spring 1976 under the ...

Hutchison, Don

(1931-    ) Canadian cinematographer, editor, journalist and author, also long involved in sf Fandom in Canada; his fiction of interest is limited to one story, "Let the Serpent Beguile" (Trumpet #6 1967). The Great Pulp Heroes (1995) is a useful nonfiction study, occasionally breezy. He remains best known for his Northern Frights Original Anthology sequence beginning with Northern Frights (anth 1992; vt Northern Frights: Volume 1 2015), initially described as focusing on ...

Gardner, Martin

(1914-2010) US mathematician, amateur conjuror, journalist and author of many books of popular science, along with several volumes of puzzles and games. In the Name of Science (1952; rev vt Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science 1957) is an iconoclastic and amusing nonfiction book about Pseudoscience: cults, fads and hoaxes existing on the fringes of science, with chapters on Hollow-Earth and flat-Earth theories, pyramidology, UFOs and other subjects. Of particular interest to sf readers may ...


Videogame (1990). Maxis. Designed by Will Wright. Platforms: DOS, Mac, Win (1990); AtariST, SNES (1991); Amiga (1992); MegaCD, PCEngineCD (1993). / SimEarth is a Toy Game which simulates the evolution of a terrestrial planet, using a model influenced by James Lovelock's Gaia hypothesis, a description of the Earth as a self-regulating system (see Ecology). Players have access to a wide variety of options, including the ability to control the rate of mutation for living species, the level of ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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