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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Ballinger, William S

(1912-1980) US screenwriter (10 scripts between 1954 and 1974) and author who has also signed his books Bill S Ballinger (but who should not be confused with W A Ballinger, a House Name used by W Howard Baker and Wilfred McNeilly); he also published books as by Frederic Freyer and B X Sanborn. His work in radio, film and television was relatively successful (he won an Edgar Award in 1960, and he wrote "Firefall", a 1974 episode for the television series Kolchak: The Night Stalker), and he was ...

Game Design

While the practice of game design has no direct relationship to sf, a brief section on the subject has been included here to define and clarify concepts used elsewhere. / Although new Games have been created throughout recorded history, the first attempts at a theory of game design do not seem to have emerged until the early 1970s, among board and counter Wargame developers. The term "game designer" itself, referring to the profession of making games, was coined at this time (see Redmond ...

Noon, Jeff

(1957-    ) UK author whose first publications as an sf writer comprise the Vurt sequence comprising Vurt (1993; exp as coll 2013), Pollen (1995), Automated Alice (1996) and Nymphomation (1997), all set in various versions of a Near-Future Manchester irradiated by Cyberpunk marriages of the human and non-human, all tales being told in a slapstick gonzo, Mean-Streets idiom and featuring a driven (though occasionally tangled) narrative line. Vurt itself is a reality-shifting ...

Leonhart, Rudolph

(circa 1832-1901) German-born author, in the USA from 1852, specifically in Minnesota, where he witnessed the Battles of New Ulm in 1862 between white settlers and the Sioux nation. Two of his novels are of some sf interest: The Treasure of Montezuma (1888), in which a Utopia is founded in the hidden valley of Friedenstahl with the aid of the eponymous hoard; and Either, Or (1893), a Satire on the Gilded Age in America that leads to a second ideal society. [JC]

What We Do in the Shadows

US tv series (2019-current). FXP, Two Canoes Pictures, 343 Incorporated. Created by Jemaine Clement. Based on the 2014 film of the same name (directed and written by Jemaine Clement and Taika Waititi). Directors include Jemaine Clement, Yana Gorskaya and Kyle Newacheck. Writers include Jemaine Clement, Marika Sawyer and Paul Simms. Voice cast includes Matt Berry, Natasia Demetriou, Harvey Guillén, Doug Jones, Kayvan Novak and Mark Proksch. 30 20-23 minute episodes. Colour. / Four ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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