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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Macpherson, Ian

(1905-1944) Scots author, farmer and broadcaster who is of genre interest for his last novel, Wild Harbour (1936), in which a devastating Future War – the expected World War Two – breaks out in 1944. The story centres on a married couple who flee to a cave in the hills of Speyside to escape the looming threat of bombs, Biological Weapons and Poison gas, a temporary escape which though intermittently idyllic cannot endure. Eventually the Post-Holocaust world closes in. [DRL]

Shannon, John C

(?   -?   ) UK author of some sf interest for "The Dream of Jacques, the Anarchist" (?? Walsall Advertiser), a Future War vision involving advanced Airships and other newly developed Weapons. The tale appeared, along with some fantasies and weird fiction, in Who Shall Condemn? and Other Stories (coll 1894). Shannon's second collection, Zylgrahof and Other Stories (coll 1901), assembles similar material. D'Aubisé: A Reminiscence (1900) is nonfantastic. ...

Found Footage

A term infelicitously but irreversibly appropriated since 1999 to denote fictional feature films, particularly in Horror genres, which emulate venerable epistolary and documentary modes of textuality by using elements of non-fiction film form and simulated amateur-video footage. (Previously the term had marked a class of documentary film distinguished by the incorporation of archive and amateur footage into an assembled feature with or without commentary, a usage which persists in film studies; ...

Callinan, David

(?   -    ) UK author whose Fortress Manhattan (1995) hectically depicts a Near Future Manhattan (see New York) as an enclave whose internal environment is redolent of Cyberpunk, while beyond the walls Mutants and others clamour for entrance. [JC]

L'Engle, Madeleine

Working name of US actress and author Madeleine L'Engle Camp (1918-2007), whose first play, 18 Washington Square, South (1944), was produced in 1940, and who performed on the stage during the early 1940s. Her first novel, The Small Rain (1945), and some of its successors are non-genre fictions for adult audiences, but from And Both Were Young (1949) most of her sixty or more books were for children; her later work was significant in the shaping of the Young Adult market. She began to publish ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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