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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 May 2024
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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-2024) US critic and academic, a cultural historian in various positions at Stanford University from 1961, in that year giving one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972, despite holding tenure, he was dismissed by Stanford for making speeches allegedly inciting students to riot against the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. He became full professor, again with tenure, at Rutgers ...

Rieder, John

(1952-    ) US academic with the Department of English at the University of Hawaii from 1980 until he retired in 2018; a member of the editorial board of Extrapolation. His Colonialism and the Emergence of Science Fiction (2008) is an important study of the colonialism and Imperialism themes in sf (including Gothic SF) from its beginnings to the ...


Russian short silent animated film (1992; vt Hypnerotomahia). Pilot Moscow Animation Studio. Directed by Andrei Svislotsky. Written by Andrei Kolpin and Oleg Kuzovkov. 8 minutes. Colour. / A man, desiccated in appearance with too many teeth and eyes like scars, dreams of dawn unfurling across a landscape covered in towers. His face in profile, its eye opens, revealing the iris to be the sun casting the light. The towers' shadows move with the sun's ...


Animated film (2010). Paramount Pictures/PDI Dreamworks. Directed by Tom McGrath. Written by Alan J Schoolcraft and Brent Simons. Cast includes Will Ferrell, Tina Fey, Jonah Hill and Brad Pitt. 95 minutes. Colour. / What would happen if the bad guy actually won? In a parody of the Superman origin story, two Alien babies are dispatched to Earth when their respective planets are destroyed. One baby lands in a mansion ...

4X Game

Term used to describe a form of Videogame of which the archetypal example is Master of Orion (1993). The phrase was coined by the journalist and designer Alan Emrich in a preview of that game, as an acronym of sorts for "eXplore, eXpand, eXploit, and eXterminate". This construction is in fact something of a misnomer; while 4X Games typically involve players in exploring unknown regions, expanding into them and exploiting ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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