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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Aminoff, Iwan T

(1868-1928) Swedish noble, army officer and author. Aminoff's ancestors were Russian, but from the early seventeenth century the family lived in Finland, at that time a part of Sweden. His grandfather Johan Fredrik Aminoff (1756-1842) attained the rank of Major General and in 1808 was raised to the Swedish nobility; in 1819 he was also created a count by the Tsar, as Finland in 1809 had become the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. Aminoff himself initially chose an army career, attaining the ...

Fenner, Arnie

Working name of American artist and editor Arnold Fenner (?   -    ), who was sometimes credited as Arnold Fenner in early publications. Fenner was long associated with sf Fandom, winning one World Fantasy Award for publishing the Semiprozine Shayol, but he has earned a living by working as an artist or artistic director for a number of companies, including Hallmark Cards, Andrews McMeel Publishing, the Jankus/Tiber advertising agency, and Mark V Ziesing ...

Twilight's Last Gleaming

Film (1977; vt Nuclear Countdown). Geria Productions/Hemdale. Directed by Robert Aldrich. Written by Ronald M Cohen, Edward Huebsch, based on Viper Three by Walter Wager. Cast includes Melvyn Douglas, Charles Durning, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark and Paul Winfield. 146 minutes (cut to 122 minutes). Colour. / In this borderline-sf movie, set in 1981, escaped military prisoners headed by a renegade US general take over a nuclear ICBM missile base and threaten to initiate World War Three ...

Mind Game

Japanese animated film (2004). Based on the Manga by Robin Nishi. Studio 4°C. Directed and written by Masaaki Yuasa. Voice cast includes Takashi Fujii, Koji Imada, Sayaka Maeda and Seiko Takuma. 103 minutes. Colour. / After an opening fast-cut montage, set to ominous music, of events surrounding the life of 20 year old aspiring manga artist Nishi (Imada), we see him running into his old school crush, Myon (Maeda). Then their relationship had gone nowhere because of his indecisiveness; ...


Term used to describe a form of perspective projection sometimes used in Videogames, particularly in those intended for older hardware, for which it could be technically advantageous. Some mathematical complexities are involved, but in essence an isometric view is one in which the lines of perspective are not linear, as in post-Renaissance European art, but parallel, as in classical Chinese scrolls. Thus objects appear in three dimensions but do not diminish with distance. This can allow ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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