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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Ginsburg, Mirra

(1909-2000) Russian-born editor, author and translator, long resident in the USA. She began translating work of genre interest with a version of Mikhail Bulgakov's "The Fatal Eggs" for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in December 1964, and later translated an abridged version of his Master i Margarita as The Master and Margarita (1967). Other translations include a collection of stories by Yevgeny Zamiatin, The Dragon: Fifteen Stories by Yevgeny Zamyatin (coll trans from various ...


A stargate is a popular name, in sf Terminology, for a Matter Transmission or Wormhole portal that facilitates interstellar transport. Stephen Robinett's Stargate (June-August 1974 Analog as by Tak Hallus; 1976) offers an early instance of the term, though preceded by Arthur C Clarke's slightly different formulation "Star Gate" in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968; with 2 related stories added, rev as coll 1990), his novelization of 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). The general concept is much older, as ...

Memoirs of a Survivor

Film (1981). Memorial Films/National Film Finance Corporation/EMI. Directed by David Gladwell. Written by Kerry Crabbe, Gladwell, based on The Memoirs of a Survivor (1974) by Doris Lessing. Cast includes Julie Christie, Christopher Guard, Debbie Hutchings and Leonie Mellinger. 115 minutes. Colour. / Amid Near-Future scenes of urban squalor in Western London a middle-aged woman (Christie) observes (mostly peering round a lace curtain) increasing dereliction and social breakdown in the wake ...

Berry, T J

(?   -    ) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Gags, Bits, and Business" as T Jane Berry in Clowns: The Unlikely Coulrophobia Remix (anth 2016) edited by Bernie Mojzes and A C Wise. Her first novel, Space Unicorn Blues (2018), is typical of her shorter work, with mashup sharpening unexpectedly into Equipoise. In this case Earth has been ravaged by Climate Change and other devastations, and Homo sapiens has established an interstellar ...

Normand, Charles

(?   -?   ) French author of L'émeraude des Incas (28 November 1891-5 March 1892 Petit France Illustré; 1892; trans S A B Harvey as The Emerald of the Incas: A Story of the Peruvian Empire 1917), in which a brave Peruvian with links to ancient Incas attempts to mount a revolt against his European masters, basing himself and his colleagues in a Lost World deep Underground beneath Manco-Capec. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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