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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 28 May 2024
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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-2024) US critic and academic, a cultural historian in various positions at Stanford University from 1961, in that year giving one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972, despite holding tenure, he was dismissed by Stanford for making speeches allegedly inciting students to riot against the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. He became full professor, again with tenure, at Rutgers ...


The term "pastoral" can be understood in various ways, perhaps most usefully as being descriptive of a mode, where Arcadia [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below] may be thought of as a particular location where the pastoral mode can unfold. The term can refer to the Classical or Shakespearean tale of courtiers holidaying among nymphs and shepherds, flirting with a condition of exile; it can refer, as William ...

Gafla, Ofir Touché

(1968-    ) Israeli author whose first novel, Olam Hasof (2004; trans Mitch Ginsburg as The World of the End 2013), begins as an Afterlife fantasy (for Afterlife see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below), with the protagonist's Suicide, which he figures will reunite him with his beloved dead wife. The various worlds into ...


Japanese animated tv series (2021). Trigger. Directed by Akira Amemiya. Written by Keiichi Hasegawa. Voice cast includes Chika Anzai, Junya Enoki, Daiki Hamano, Yūichirō Umehara and Shion Wakayama. Twelve 24-minute episodes. Colour. / High schooler Yomogi Asanaka (Enoki) gives his lunch to the starving Gauma (Hamano) who lives under a bridge. Later, Gauma berates Yume Minami (Wakayama) when she stands up Yomogi, to his ...

Henry, Christina

Pseudonym of US author Tina Raffaele (1974-    ), most of whose work has been fantasy, including the Gothic Maddy Black sequence beginning with Black Wings (2010), which mixes fallen angels and Vampires; and novels like Lost Boy: The True Story of Captain Hook (2017), which tells its protagonist's backstory as Peter Pan's favourite, riffing on the Peter Pan sequence, which appeared in various incarnations ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. He began to publish work of genre interest with an sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" in Triquarterly for Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959]; he began consistently publishing sf reviews in his "New Fiction" column for the Toronto Star (1966-1967), and later in ...

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