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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 September 2022
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A term logically based on the more familiar Terraforming, to denote the (usually gradual) transformation of a world to suit Alien rather than Earth-human Biology and Ecology. / The highest sf drama arises when xenoforming attempts are initiated by Extraterrestrials wishing to transform Earth for their own purposes. The Red Weed introduced by invading Martians in H G Wells's The War of the Worlds (1898) may be intended as part of such a process. Xenoforming of Earth takes place successfully ...

Garby, Lee Hawkins

(1890-1953) US author, wife of the chemist Dr Carl Garby (1890-1930), a school-friend of E E "Doc" Smith, with whom she collaborated between 1915 and 1920 on the manuscript of The Skylark of Space: The Tale of the First Inter-Stellar Cruise (August-October 1928 Amazing; 1946; cut rev 1958), for which she was credited. The 1958 abridgement of this hugely influential Space Opera seems unlikely to have eliminated her contribution, which according to Smith focused on dialogue and other people ...

Garnett, David S

(1947-    ) UK author, author of a large number of books, many of them novels, in various genres and under various names. To differentiate himself from the elder David Garnett he created a middle initial to add to his own name, and in the US signed his early books Dav Garnett, for the same reason; he has published novels also as David Lee and David Ferring. His sf has always been action-oriented and dominated by Space-Opera conventions, which he has never been able to take ...

Bell, Matt

(1980-    ) US editor and author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Mario's Three Lives" in Barrelhouse for 2007; several of his early tales, some gonzo and some coldly lucid, have been assembled as How the Broken Lead the Blind (coll 2009 chap) and How They Were Found (coll 2010). Wolf Parts (coll of linked stories 2010) comprises a set of forty twice-told fragments circumambulating the Little Red Riding Hood topos [for Twice-Told see The Encyclopedia of ...

McDonald, Steven E

(1956-    ) UK author, now in the US, who began publishing sf with "Empty Barrels" for Analog in June 1978, his best-known story being "Ideologies" (October 1980 Analog), and whose first novel, The Janus Syndrome (1981), put into Space-Opera guise a tale involving racial oppression, romantic exaggerations of material, and masquerades. He then fell silent, though he has more recently published two Ties: Event Horizon (1997), novelizing the film Event Horizon (1997); and Gene ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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