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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 May 2024
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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-2024) US critic and academic, a cultural historian in various positions at Stanford University from 1961, in that year giving one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972, despite holding tenure, he was dismissed by Stanford for making speeches allegedly inciting students to riot against the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. He became full professor, again with tenure, at Rutgers ...

Clone High

Canadian-American animated tv series (2002-2003). Music Television (MTV). Created by Bill Lawrence, Phil Lord and Christopher Miller. Directed by Ted Collyer and Harold Harris. Writers include Phil Lord and Christopher Miller. Voice cast includes Will Forte, Phil Lord, Michael McDonald, Christopher Miller, Christa Miller and Nicole Sullivan. Thirteen 22-minute episodes. Colour. / In the 1980s the American government Cloned many historical figures ...


German rock band, whose first release Auf Der Bahn Zum Uranus (1974) uses the "road from Earth to Uranus" as a loose organizing premise for a number of songs that celebrate a hippy cosmic oneness ("Tanz Mit Der Mond", "Mutter Erd"). The band's name is the German for Gaia, and the jazz-blues guitar-based improvisation tends towards the mystic-pantheist. A second album, Alraunes Alptraum (1975) contains only 20 minutes of original music, along ...


Videogame (1984). Synapse Software. Designed by Robert Pinsky. Platforms: Atari8, C64, DOS (1984); AtariST (1985). / Written by the noted American poet Robert Pinsky, Mindwheel was originally marketed as an "Electronic Novel". In design terms, however, it is a text-based Adventure game, in which the player takes the role of a "Mind Adventurer". The premise is that the Adventurer's future society is on ...


The usual term for the ESP talent, or Psi Power or Superpower, of seeing into the future. For genuine sf relevance this ability needs to be developed in somewhat more detail than the all too frequent narrative convenience of "some sixth sense warned him ..." Philip K Dick seems to have coined the term "precog" for a thus-gifted person, in "A World of Talent" (October 1954 ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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