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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-2024) US critic and academic, a cultural historian in various positions at Stanford University from 1961, in that year giving one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972, despite holding tenure, he was dismissed by Stanford for making speeches allegedly inciting students to riot against the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. He became full professor, again with tenure, at Rutgers ...

Dark Earth

Videogame (1997). Kalisto Entertainment. Designed by Guillaume Le Pennec, Sylvain Dousset, Frédéric Menne. Platforms: Win. / Dark Earth, an early example of the action Adventure form, is set on a sunless world, a future Earth shrouded in dust clouds thrown up by a catastrophic series of meteor impacts (see Ruined Earth). A few cities remain, huddled around mysterious ...

Edwards, James

(?   -?   ) US author of John Bull, Uncle Sam and Johnny Crapaud (1884), a Lost World tale set in East Africa, where survivors of a shipwreck stumble into an unknown land once inhabited by a race now entirely vanished, and now occupied by Americans from Virginia, who have established a Utopia there. Edwards may have been a professor at a college which has not been identified. [JC]

Randle, Kevin D

(1949-    ) US author who served in the Army as a helicopter pilot in Vietnam 1968-1969 and in the Air Force as an Intelligence Officer 1976-1986; he has written nonfantastic military fiction as by Eric Helm and Steve MacKenzie [not listed in Checklist below]. He began publishing sf with "Future War" for Combat Illustrated in 1978, but became an active writer only in the 1980s, beginning two sequences in 1980 and 1986 respectively, all titles in collaboration with ...


Film (1982). Warner Bros. Directed by Clint Eastwood. Written by Alex Lasker, Wendell Wellman, based on Firefox (1977) by Craig Thomas. Cast includes Warren Clarke, Eastwood, Nigel Hawthorne and Freddie Jones. 136 minutes. Colour. / The sf aspect of the film is a new Russian fighter, the MIG 31 or "Firefox", which can fly at Mach-5 and operates through electronic translation of the pilot's brain patterns (thought control). Eastwood is ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, Kenneth Bulmer, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its ...

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