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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Bi'en Fū

Pseudonym of Princess Fukuko Asaka (1941-2009) a Japanese sf author better known as the second cousin of Emperor Hirohito. A great grand-daughter of the same Meiji Emperor whose restoration ushered in Japan's modern era, Asaka lost her title during a 1947 pruning of the imperial family tree conducted by US Occupation authorities. Her pseudonym Bi'en Fū (literally: "Beauty Garden") was used in several stories printed in Takumi Shibano's influential Fanzine, Uchūjin. / ...

Robitaille, Julie

(1949-    ) US author of two Ties to Quantum Leap (1989-1993), a Time-Travel Television series. They are Quantum Leap: In the Beginning (1990; vt Quantum Leap: The Beginning 1994) and Quantum Leap: The Ghost and the Gumshoe (1990). [JC]

James Tiptree Jr Award

This juried award has been presented since March 1992 in memory of James Tiptree Jr, for sf or fantasy fiction that best "explores or expands gender roles". It is usually given at Wiscon, the annual Convention held in Madison, Wisconsin. In 2019, in the wake of debates about the renaming of the John W Campbell Award and John W Campbell Memorial Award, it was decided that the award should henceforth become the Otherwise Award (from the 2020 presentation onward). Following the practice of the ...

Dirac Communicator

A Imaginary-Science device invented by James Blish for the story "Beep" (February 1954 Galaxy; exp vt The Quincunx of Time 1973), and used by him also in other stories. It is an instantaneous communicator, named after the great theoretical physicist Paul Dirac (1902-1984); the Blish story contrasts it with Faster Than Light but non-instantaneous Ultrawave communications. Others have since borrowed the device, but more recently Ursula K Le Guin's Ansible has been the communicator of preference ...

Crick, Donald

(1916-2005) Australian author, the last of his five novels being The Moon to Play With (1981), an sf Satire with a fairly mild touch. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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