At the heart of this now very substantial enterprise is the Cinema sequence whose first instalment was Star Wars (1977). To the end of 2017, there have been nine Star Wars films. In 1997, before the release of the second, "prequel" trilogy, George Lucas re-released the original films into cinemas with updated special effects and minor story changes as "Special Editions". These changes were controversial among fans at the time, as they were perceived by some to soften the movies. Further changes were made for the release of the Star Wars DVDs in 2004, with the stated aim of improving continuity between the original three films and the prequels (such as Hayden Christensen's Anakin being digitally inserted as a ghost in Return of the Jedi). [JN/PN]
The Star Wars films
Related made-for-tv productions include The Ewok Adventure (1984) and its sequel Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985).
Star Wars ties
A huge amount of authorized spinoff fiction has been set in the Star Wars universe. The official novelizations of the films are Star Wars (1976) by Alan Dean Foster (though credited to George Lucas), The Empire Strikes Back (1980) by Donald F Glut, Star Wars: Return of the Jedi (1983) by James Kahn, Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999) by Terry Brooks, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002) by R A Salvatore, Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005) by Matthew Stover and Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) by Alan Dean Foster.
Further authors of Star Wars universe Ties who have entries in this encyclopedia include Roger McBride Allen, Aaron Allston, Kevin J Anderson, Mike Baron (with Graphic Novels), Steven Barnes, Greg Bear, Terry Bisson, Daniel Abraham and Tyler Corey Franck writing together as James S A Corey, A C Crispin, Brian C Daley, Hollace Davids, Paul Davids, Troy Denning, William C Dietz, Shane Dix, Alexander Freed, Christie Golden, Barbara Hambly, Elizabeth Hand, K W Jeter, Drew Karpyshyn, J Gregory Keyes, Michael P Kube-McDowell, Tim Lebbon, James Luceno, John Jackson Miller, Vonda N McIntyre, Andy Mangels, Rebecca Moesta, Steve Perry, J Michael Reaves, Kristine Kathryn Rusch, Joe Schreiber, David Sherman, L Neil Smith, Michael A Stackpole, Sean Stewart, Todd Strasser, Karen Traviss, Kathy Tyers, Joan D Vinge, Martha Wells, Chuck Wendig, Sean Williams, Walter Jon Williams, Dave Wolverton and Timothy Zahn.
Besides the authorized spinoff titles there are also unofficial Parodies by Steve Barlow, Adam Roberts and others; Ian Doescher has adapted the storylines of the first six films as cod Shakespeare plays. [DRL]
see also: Psi Powers; Star Wars Games.
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