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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Richardson, E

(1867-?   ) UK author of Neutopia (1925), an sf novel in which a Lost World is come upon by male explorers; it is protected by a desert whose location is not given. Here a socialist Utopia has been founded by women (see Women in SF) who, after a terrible war, have evolved a kind of empathy-derived Telepathy, and devote themselves to Eugenics. [JC]

Fail Safe

Film (1964). Max E Youngstein-Sidney Lumet. Directed by Sidney Lumet. Written by Walter Bernstein, based on Fail-Safe (13-27 October 1962 Saturday Evening Post; 1962) by Eugene L Burdick and Harvey Wheeler. Cast includes Henry Fonda, Walter Matthau, Dan O'Herlihy, Frank Overton and Fritz Weaver. 111 minutes. Colour. / A mistaken US nuclear attack on Moscow nearly initiates World War Three, a quandary resolved only by the US President's decision to bomb New York as an apologetic gesture. ...

Gregg Press

US publisher of reprints in hardcover, a subsidiary of G K Hall & Co. The Gregg Press Science Fiction Reprint Series, edited by David G Hartwell with Lloyd W Currey as associate editor, included a variety of novels and collections dating from the eighteenth century until recent times. Among them were several new volumes, including Alyx (coll 1976; vt The Adventures of Alyx 1985) by Joanna Russ. Gregg Press also published books of critical material about sf drawn from such academic journals ...

Venturini, Fred

(1980-    ) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Threshold" (in Sick Things: An Anthology of Extreme Creature Horror, anth 2010, edited by Cheryl Mullenax), and whose Young Adult first novel, The Samaritan (2011; vt The Heart Does Not Grow Back 2014), also makes use of Horror in SF tropes to give verisimilitude to the story of a highschool student with powers of Regeneration, which he learns to use for good (see Superheroes). [JC]

Balfour, Bruce

(?1958-    ) US Comics author, computer games designer from the 1980s, and author who began publishing fiction of genre interest with "Thunder Pigeon" for Fantasy Book in June 1985. In comics, he is perhaps best known for Jack the Ripper (October 1989-February 1990 Eternity Comics; graph 1990) illustrated Paul Mendoza, and for writing Keith Laumer's Retief (December 1989-October 1990 Adventure Comics), which is based on the Keith Laumer series Retief. His first novel, Star ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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