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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Bulmer, Kenneth

(1921-2005) UK author, who also signed himself H K Bulmer, as well as using a number of pseudonyms for his books, including Alan Burt Akers, Ken Blake (not sf), Ernest Corley (not sf), Arthur Frazier (not sf), Adam Hardy (for his successful Hornblower-like novels of the sea), Philip Kent, Bruno Krauss (not sf), Neil Langholm (not sf), Manning Norvil, Charles R Pike (not sf), Dray Prescot, Andrew Quiller, Richard Silver (not sf), Tully Zetford, the collaborative pseudonym Kenneth Johns (with ...

Schwartz, Alan

(?   -    ) US author of The Wandering Tellurian (1967 dos), an unassuming Space Opera whose protagonist travels from star to star, having adventures. [JC]

Francis, Francis

Working name of George Frederick Wimbledon Francis (1865-?   ), UK author of two novels with some genre interest: Eternal Enmity (1892 2vols), a complex supernatural thriller, and Mother of Gold (1931), a Lost Race tale set in Mexico, where a scientifically advanced civilization of Ulmecs is discovered. [JC]


Sf in the modern sense evolved tentatively in Hungary in the 1870s, although it had had forerunners. The end of the eighteenth century was characterized by the popularity of Fantastic Voyages and Utopias. French and other sources inspired Tariménes utazása ["The Voyage of Tariménes"] (1804) by György Bessenyei (1747-1811). The hero, who gets to an unknown country, not only describes the perfect order of the state but also presents a copy of its constitution. Another ...

Kitchell, Joseph Gray

(1862-1945) US businessman, photographer and author, whose early novella, The Story of the "Kranbach Nocturne" (1905 chap), treats the eponymous Basilisk as soul-saving. His full-length sf novel, The Earl of Hell (1924), combines high adventure – its protagonist travels the world in search of new sources of radium, is kidnapped, foils a plot to supply "Hunovia" (i.e. Germany) with a brand-new Power Source – and an informed discussion of the potentialities of new forms of energy. ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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