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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Oni

Videogame (2001). Bungie Studios. Platforms: Mac, PS2, Win. / Oni is a third person fighting game (see Videogames) with the narrative structure and world design of a linearly plotted First Person Shooter. This unique combination of forms works well in principle, but the game's urban environments, based on real-world architecture, seem overly repetitive and are arguably poorly designed for gameplay. The game is set in a twenty-first century heavily influenced by Ghost in the Shell (1995) and ...

Nilsson, Peter

(1937-1998) Swedish astronomer and author. Nilsson grew up on a small farm in Möcklehult, a small rural community where the family moved in 1948. His father was a miller, carpenter and farmer, and after elementary school Nilsson started working, but had also begun reading widely and dreamt of becoming a writer and of studying the stars. He began taking correspondence courses and in 1959 graduated from secondary school. After military service, he enrolled at Uppsala University, where he ...

Lu Shi'e

(1878-1944) Chinese author who came to his profession late in life, after previously working as a doctor and rental library manager. His work was primarily in the field of Wuxia as by "Qinmeizi". His sole venture into future fiction under his own name, Xin Zhongguo ["New China"] (1910), also known as Lixian 40-nian hou de Zhongguo ["China Forty Years After the Constitution"] often lapses into fantastical analogies, as if his future Shanghai of 1951 is being observed by wide-eyed travelers from ...

Pines, Ned L

(1905-1990) US magazine and book publisher who in 1931 founded a group of magazines with Thrilling in the title: Thrilling Detective, Thrilling Love, etc. These became part of the Pines Publications group (which Pines served as president 1929-1961), whose associated companies included Standard Magazines, Beacon Magazines and Better Publications. In 1936 Pines bought Gernsback's Wonder Stories and retitled it Thrilling Wonder Stories to fit neatly among his other magazines. Among Pines's senior ...

Pallander, Edwin

Pseudonym of UK biologist, botanist and author Lancelot Francis Sanderson Bayly (1869-1952), who collaborated with Ellsworth Douglass on one story, "The Wheels of Dr Gynochio Gyves" (September 1899 Cassell's), the protagonist's last Invention being a Spaceship capable of reaching the Moon. Across the Zodiac: A Story of Adventure (1896) is an interplanetary romance based clearly on Jules Verne's Vingt Mille Lieues sous les mers: Tour du monde sous-marin (1871 2vols; many trans as Twenty Thousand ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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