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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: David J Lally

Jim Baen's Universe

US professional Online Magazine published by Baen Books and edited by Eric Flint, with Mike Resnick from April 2007. It ran for 24 bimonthly issues from June 2006 to April 2010 and was regarded as a model of its kind. James Baen, who had previously edited Galaxy as well as the anthology/magazine series Destinies, Far Frontiers and New Destinies (see Destinies), had been revolutionary as a publisher in his approach to marketing e-books, making a selection of stories and novels freely available ...

Tolkien, J R R

(1892-1973) South-African-born philologist and author, in UK from 1893, who specialized in early forms of English; his academic career was crowned by his appointment as Merton Professor of English at Oxford University in 1945, a post he held until his retirement in 1959. He specialized as a scholar in early forms of English – his early publications include A Middle English Vocabulary (1922) and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (trans 1925) with E V Gordon, and the manuscript of his Beowulf ...

Prichard, Hesketh

Working name of Hesketh Vernon Hesketh-Prichard (1876-1922), UK author, sportsman, explorer and naturalist, in active service during World War One; throughout his career, he collaborated with his mother Kate Prichard (1851-1935), the two writing as "E & H Heron" and as "K and Hesketh Prichard". They created three very popular series characters: the bandit Don Q, who featured in many adventures beginning with The Chronicles of Don Q (1904) – Douglas Fairbanks starred in the film Don ...

Wright, Glover

Working name of Indian-born rock guitarist and thriller author Geoffrey Glover-Wright (1940-2017), in UK from 1947, perhaps best known under his early stage name Buddy Britten, though he also performed as Simon Raverne. He is of some sf interest for The Hound of Heaven (1984), in which a possibly renegade priest, crucified by the Vietcong in the 1960s, is retrieved from Suspended Animation with a message deadly to the Church (see Religion). In Aurora (2003), a similarly reawakened figure ...

Friend, Oscar J

(1897-1963) US literary agent, editor and author who worked for the Standard Magazine chain on Captain Future, Startling Stories and Thrilling Wonder Stories during 1941-1944, a period when these magazines were most specifically aimed at adolescents. The editorial director at the time was Leo Margulies, with whom Friend later edited three anthologies (see below). After the death of Otis Adelbert Kline in 1946, Friend became head of Kline's literary agency. / Friend was intermittently active ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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