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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 10 June 2024
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Influential Japanese Anime studio founded in December 1984, also known as Studio Gainax or Kabushiki-gaisha Gainakkusu. / Japan's 1981 SF Convention, DAICON III, opened with a short animated film from DAICON Film, a studio founded by sf fans (see Fandom) from various Japanese universities – including Takami Akai, Hideaki Anno, Toshio Okada, Yasuhiro Takeda and Hiroyuki Yamaga. After gaining further ...


The idea of somehow counteracting Gravity is one of the great sf dreams: it is gravity that kept us earthbound for so long, and even now the energy expenditure required to escape the gravity well of Earth or any other massive celestial body is the main factor that makes Space Flight so difficult and expensive. The theme of antigravity appeared early in sf. In the Proto SF era, Francis Godwin's ...

Known Space [series]

Popular sf Future History conceived by Larry Niven (whom see for further discussion), pleasingly blending intelligent Space Opera, Thought Experiments in Physics and various races of colourfully quirky Aliens such as the fanatically risk-averse Puppeteers, the enigmatic and nomadic Outsiders, the ...

Tiptree, James, Jr

Pseudonym of US psychologist and author Alice Hastings Bradley Sheldon (1915-1987), who was widely assumed to be a man, despite the deep rapport "he" displayed for women in stories like "The Women Men Don't See" (December 1973 F&SF). "James Tiptree Jr" flourished from 1967 until her identity was exposed in 1977. Beginning in 1974, she also wrote several sf stories as Raccoona Sheldon, and some earlier non-fantastic work under other names, including her first fiction, ...

Gouvieux, Marc

Pseudonym of French military pilot and author Marc Edmond de Lafargue (?   -?   ), used for a Future War novel, Haut les ailes! Carnet de route d'un officier aviateur pendant la guerre de 19– (1914; trans Bernard Miall as With Wings Outspread: A Romance of the War of 1920 1915): presumably because the book was written (and perhaps released) before World War One ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, Kenneth Bulmer, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its ...

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