Virtually all the acknowledgements in the second edition of 1993, as reproduced in the 1995 CD-ROM, still apply – these appear below the following list of third-edition addenda. First come those without whom this online edition would never have appeared.
- Gollancz, our publisher, made this edition possible. The stewardship of the project by Malcolm Edwards and Simon Spanton of Orion/Gollancz is greatly appreciated.
- Darren Nash, while at Little Brown/Orbit Books, provided valuable support in the early years of this project; and more recently brought it to harbour as Digital Publisher at Gollancz.
- STEEL of London created the official website, and we are grateful to our development team: Anwar Ishak, Rob Dinsdale, Nicky Applegarth, Chima Osuji, Piotr Wieruszewski, Tom Moran and Erika Toth.
- John Clute would like to thank Judith Clute and Liz Hand. They may not have known it would be a life sentence.
- Hazel Langford struggled with varying success to keep David Langford sane.
- John and Pamela Lifton-Zoline were our generous sponsors during lean times when the third edition was between publishers.
- We also thank our many Contributors.
Also invaluable in the crowded times before and since the third edition's public launch were:
- Dirk P Broer, Mike Christie and Daniel Robert Lewis are our most indefatigable suppliers of corrections and factual feedback.
- Catherine Crockett assisted with the rekeying of the first edition's headword list as a research tool for the third edition.
- The Fictionmags email discussion list – in particular its members Ian Covell, John Eggeling, Denny Lien, David Pringle and Phil Stephensen-Payne – supplied corrections and information on incomplete story ascriptions and much more.
- Jeffrey S Fisher has provided data for many years, and was particularly generous during the long period (1995-2005) when we were relatively inactive and grateful for all assistance.
- Rachel Haywood-Ferreira (Latin America/Iberia Subeditor) coordinated various academic experts who have contributed entries relating to Portugal, Spain and Latin America.
- Stephen Holland expanded on entries' personal dates and genealogical information as well as providing other factual input throughout.
- Steven Hunt, a UK librarian and sf enthusiast, provided valuable bibliographic support.
- Farah Mendlesohn (Academic Subeditor) mentored several sf-studies postgraduates who have written and/or updated entries for genre critics: in particular Leimar Garcia-Siino, Tim Miller, Glyn Morgan, Chris Pak and Michelle Yost.
- Online SF Resources have become indispensable and have been gratefully used.
- Pamela Scoville – literary and art agent, married to John Grant – carried out a pre-launch check of all the encyclopedia's external links in late September 2011.
- Phil Stephensen-Payne provided links to illustrated magazine checklists at his Galactic Central site: these have been added to the entries for hundreds of relevant magazines.
- Third Row Fandom made useful comments on the Encyclopedia's content. Further helpful advice about online possibilities was provided by Roger Hart, Erin Kissane, and Peter Richardson.
- Mark Yon carried out much of the rekeying of the first edition's headword list as a research tool for the third edition.
A third list of those who have provided welcome post-launch feedback and/or cash donations [see links below] is now perpetually under construction as follows, and is likely to become very substantial:
Ben Aaronovitch, John Joseph Adams, Matthijs Alberts, Lou Anders, Paul Annis, Peter Arden, John Atkinson, Rick Ayre, John Baker, John Bark, John Barnes, Don Benish, Serge V Berezhnoy, John Berlyne, Les Bessant, P Boccaccio, Paul Bond, Dirk P Broer, Eric Brown, Simon Bucher-Jones, Saxon Bullock, Randy Byers, Grant Carrington, Mike Christie, Douglas Cohen, Jeff Cook, Michael Croteau, Ellen Datlow, Steve Davidson, Stuart Douglas, Michael Edwards, Moshe Feder, Fred Fischer, Alan Dean Foster, Paul Fraser, Laura Brodian Freas, David Friese, Doug Frizzle, Mattia Galli, Matthew Gilbert, Adam Golaski, John Gosling, Steven Gould, Nicola Griffith, Eileen Gunn, Ed Hall, Niall Harrison, Bill Higgins (William S Higgins), Ian Hocking, Neil Holford, Mo Holkar, Frank Hollander, Nick Honeywell, Brian J Hunt, Benoit Jauvin-Girard, Chip Hitchcock, Michael H Hutchins, Trivo Indjic, Vlatko Juric-Kokic, Chris Kovacs, Pekka Karjalainen, Andy Kelly, John V Keogh, John Kessel, Jeffrey Kesselman, Ron Kihara, Erin Kissane, Gérard Klein, Sharon Lee, Christoph Lehmann, Stephen Leigh, Daniel Robert Lewis, Jim Linwood, Mike Lowrey, Duncan Lunan, Una McCormack, Nick Mamatas, Alastair Mayer, Laurene Miller, Samuel Montgomery-Blinn, Cheryl Morgan, Ian Morley, Oliver Morton, Edwin L Murray, Dave Newton, Phil Nichols, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, Ron Niquette, Marek S Nowowiejski, Rias Nuninga, Christopher M O'Brien, Jaroslav Olša Jr, Luis Ortiz, Peter Owen, Dr Michael Page, Andrea Pardo, John Park, Kevin Parsons, Doug S Peterson, Greg Pickersgill, Mark Plummer, Germán Ponte, Alan Poulter, Jeff Prucher, Philip Purser-Hallard, Bruce Ramage, John Redford, David Redd, Chris Reed, Rod Rees, Robert Reginald, Dan Reid, Alastair Reynolds, Andy Richards (Cold Tonnage Books), Nonie Rider, Pete Risley, Eric Rosenfield, Alexander Royfe, Sheila Ruth, Andy Sawyer, Lawrence Schimel, Darrell Schweitzer, Jenni Scott, Lansing Sexton, Steven H Silver, Richard Simms, Rainer Skupsch, Steve Sneyd, Eric Solstein, Dale Sproule, Kevin A Standlee, Ian Stewart, Hilary Strang, Geri Sullivan, Leslie Kay Swigart, Random Switch, Raja Thiagarajan, Geoff Thorpe, Jean-Louis Trudel, Jan Vanek Jr, Alan Walker, Nicholas Waller, Peter Wareham, Bill Warren, Rob Weber, Paul Weimer, Ian Williams.
Others, equally appreciated, chose to provide feedback anonymously. Our thanks to all.
John Clute, David Langford and Graham Sleight
We must first thank all the Contributors, to both the first edition and the current edition. We thank especially our Contributing Editor, Brian Stableford, whose influence extended far beyond the 200,000 words signed with his initials, for his tasks included a severe examination of the entire text for errors of fact and critical blunders. We thank our Technical Editor, Paul Barnett, whose logistic and computer skills brought this book into publishable shape, and whose editing skills importantly influenced its language and form. We thank our proof-reader, Lydia Darbyshire, a model of meticulousness whose examination of data for consistency was itself tantamount to a critical reading of the text. We thank also all those sf authors and critics who took the time to fill out a questionnaire or otherwise provided us with vital information. We also thank John Jarrold, the original commissioner of this volume.
It is not possible individually to thank all those who helped in other ways, for the list would contain some hundreds of names. It goes without saying that we remain grateful to all those we thanked in the preface to the first edition, and we do not repeat their names here. Of the large number who helped us with the current edition, there are some in particular whose extensive help we must comment on. Neil Barron, whose reference books were among those we most often consulted, provided us with much other information and with constant encouragement. Everett F Bleiler, who read critically many parts of the encyclopedia that pertained to his areas of particular expertise, generously contributed to it – out of his deep love for the subject – several substantial entries on early sf and sf writers. His son, Richard Bleiler, also altruistically contributed advice and entries, as did Professor I F Clarke. Judith Clute kept John Clute alive, while painting in the next room. Clare Coney (Nicholls) provided not only support well beyond the call of wifely duty but also considerable editorial assistance. J Fisher provided much biographical data on authors, along with other suggestions. Hal W Hall generously provided research materials. Steve Holland helped us make sense of the bibliography of 1950s sf in the UK. Roz Kaveney commented on hundreds of author entries as they were drafted, and then read the manuscript. David Langford gave essential computer advice and help, made many suggestions throughout, and read the manuscript. Helen Nicholls understood her brother and her friend. Robert Reginald, author of the basic and essential checklist of sf literature from 1700 to 1974 (see below), made available successive drafts of his 1975-1991 supplement (now just published), and we supplied him in turn with final drafts of this encyclopedia. John Clute read and criticized the checklist; Reginald did the same for the encyclopedia. We are all hoping that both books show the benefits of this sharing of resources.
Others whose help was substantial (often in locating hard-to-find data, and in setting us right on first-edition errors) include Paul Alkon, Brian Ameringen, Mike Ashley, Nick Austin, John Betancourt, Jenny Blackford, Damien Broderick, John F Carr, T G Cockcroft, Michael Rice Colpitts, Ian Covell, Richard Dalby, John Dallman, John Davey, Joyce Day, Jane Donawerth, Nann du Sautoy, John Eggeling, Alex Eisenstein, Alan C Elms, Brian Forte, Andrew Fraknoi, D Douglas Fratz, Neil Gaiman, Martin Gardner, C N Gilmore, Mark Goldberg, Paul Gravett, Scott Green, the Reverend Ron Grossman, Rob Hansen, David Hartwell, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, Richard J Hooton, Maxim Jakubowski, Laurence M Janifer, Don Keller, David Ketterer, Michael Klossner, Justin Knowles, Eleanor Lang, Anthony R Lewis, Duncan Lunan, Kerzin Alexey Lvovich, Patrick McGuire, Murray MacLachlan, Sean McMullen, Barry N Malzberg, Lee Mendham, Walter E Meyers, Chris Morgan, Caroline Mullan, Alan Myers, Kim Newman, John C Nine, Jaroslav Olsa jr, Jan O'Nale, Bernie Peek, Dominique Petitfaux, Andrew Porter, David Pringle, Jenny Randles, Kim Stanley Robinson, Roger Robinson, Cornel Robu, Yvonne Rousseau, Darrell Schweitzer, the Science Fiction Foundation, A Langley Searles, Efim Shur, Cyril Simsa, John Sladek, John B Spencer, Phil Stephensen-Payne, Darko Suvin, Braulio Tavares, Sheldon Teitelbaum, Ron Tiner, Igor Tolokonnikov, Ian Watson, Bob Wayne, Janeen Webb, Andrew Wille, Madawc Williams, G Peter Winnington, and Zoran Zivkovic.
In the first edition it was still possible to acknowledge individually the reference books that formed the basis of our research library. There are now too many, though perhaps we can select a few which were of special and continuous use: Neil Barron's Anatomy of Wonder, Fantasy Literature and Horror Literature; Everett F Bleiler's Science Fiction: The Early Years; the annual sf/fantasy bibliographies edited by Charles N Brown and William G Contento for Locus Press; Thomas D Clareson's Science Fiction in America, 1870s-1930s; the sf and fantasy book-review annuals compiled by Robert A Collins and Robert Latham; William G Contento's indexes to sf anthologies and collections; L W Currey's Science Fiction and Fantasy Authors: A Bibliography of First Printings of their Fiction; Donald B Day's Index to the Science Fiction Magazines 1926-50; Hal W Hall's various guides to sf book reviews and research papers; Phil Hardy's The Aurum Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction; George Locke's A Spectrum of Fantasy; the NESFA sf-magazine indexes covering publications subsequent to 1965; Robert Reginald's Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature: A Checklist, 1700-1974 and Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature, 1975-1991; Erwin S Strauss's Index to the S-F Magazines, 1951-65; Darko Suvin's Victorian Science Fiction in the UK; Donald H Tuck's Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy through 1968; Marshall B Tymn's and Mike Ashley's Science Fiction, Fantasy and Weird Fiction Magazines; the two volumes of Bill Warren's Keep Watching the Skies; Robert Weinberg's A Biographical Dictionary of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists.
We end by issuing a conventional but heartfelt apology and thanks to all those others who have helped and have not appeared on the above lists.
John Clute and Peter Nicholls
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