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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 May 2024
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Franklin, H Bruce

(1934-2024) US critic and academic, a cultural historian in various positions at Stanford University from 1961, in that year giving one of the earliest university courses in sf in the USA. In 1972, despite holding tenure, he was dismissed by Stanford for making speeches allegedly inciting students to riot against the university's involvement in the Vietnam War – a case well known to those interested in questions of academic freedom. He became full professor, again with tenure, at Rutgers ...

Gröner, Augusta/Auguste

(1850-1929) Austrian author, who sometimes spelled her given name Auguste or August, in order to disguise her sex; of sf interest is Mene Tekel: eine seltsame Geschichte (1910; trans Grace Isabel Colbron as Mene Tekel: A Tale of Strange Happenings 1912), the only title in her Joseph Muller sequence of detective thrillers of fantastic interest, as Muller bird-dogs an expedition designed to show that some ancient tablets are fake through a device that recovers ...

Donovan, Rita

(1955-    ) Canadian author of one Dystopia, The Plague Saint (1997), set in a Ruined Earth Canada riddled by a Pandemic and Religion, and tracing the destiny of a young woman manhandled into sainthood and martyrdom. [JC]

Randall, Florence Engel

(1917-1997) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "One Long Ribbon" in Fantastic for July 1962; her five novels, beginning with the nonfantastic Hedgerow (1967), were composed for the Young Adult market. They include fantasies like A Place of Sapphires (1969), The Almost Year (1971), and Haldane Station (1973), in all of which Gothic manifestations of the ...

They Live

Film (1988). Alive Films. Directed by John Carpenter. Written by Frank Armitage (pseudonym of Carpenter), based on "Eight O'Clock in the Morning" (November 1963 F&SF) by Ray Nelson. Cast includes Keith David, Meg Foster and Roddy Piper. 94 minutes. Colour. / After several not very successful films for major studios (Starman [1984], Christine ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. He began to publish work of genre interest with an sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" in Triquarterly for Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959]; he began consistently publishing sf reviews in his "New Fiction" column for the Toronto Star (1966-1967), and later in ...

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