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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 10 June 2024
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Target Earth!

Film (1954). Abtcon Pictures/Allied Artists. Directed by Sherman A Rose. Written by William Raynor, based on "Deadly City" (March 1953 If) by Paul W Fairman (as Ivar Jorgensen). Cast includes Kathleen Crowley, Richard Denning, Virginia Grey and Richard Reeves. 75 minutes. Black and white. / In this film, whose low budget is reflected in its appearance, ...


Videogame series (from 2002). CyberConnect2 (CC2). Designed by Kazunori Ito, Kōichi Mashimo, Yoshiyuki Sadamoto. / .hack is a transmedia franchise including Videogames, Anime, novels and Comics, all of which are perhaps best viewed as parts of a single work. Its story revolves around a fictional ...

Bennet, Robert Ames

(1870-1954) US author who concentrated on Westerns, and author of four novels of sf interest. In Thyra: A Romance of the Polar Pit (1901), three explorers, after nearly freezing to death, discover a Balloon which conveys them to a clement Lost World, hidden near the North Pole and full of prehistoric beasts, bestial ape-men (see Apes as Human), clairvoyant ...

Jefferies, Richard

(1848-1887) UK naturalist, journalist and author, active from around 1866. The son of a farmer, he showed remarkable powers of observation when writing about Nature, describing it in a poetic style from an animist viewpoint that was devoid of sentimentality. His grasp of the description of nature as impacted upon by human agencies (see Pastoral; Pollution) does not illuminate his two early Satires – ...

Worlds in Balance

Settings created for sf Games have some unique characteristics not shared with other science-fictional worlds. Most importantly, a gameworld must be balanced, meaning that opposing forces must be of approximately equal capabilities. While this may also be a requirement for an entertaining adventure story, in which the protagonist is engaged in conflict with a reasonable chance of either victory or defeat, games are much more demanding in this regard. Characters in ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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