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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Small Presses and Limited Editions

Any firm founded to release work of personal interest to the publisher, and which distributes that work to readers whose interest can also be assumed, may be called a small press. Four years before Hugo Gernsback began Amazing Stories in 1926, The Lunar Publishing Company of Providence, Kentucky, was founded by friends of the author of the book it had been created in order to publish – and then folded. To the Moon and Back in Ninety Days: A Thrilling Narrative of Blended Science and ...

Fukkatsu no Hi

Film (1981; vt Virus). Haruki Kadokawa Films. Directed by Kinji Fukasaku. Written by Kōji Takada, Gregory Knapp, Fukasaku, from Fukkatsu no Hi (1964) by Sakyō Komatsu. Cast includes Chuck Connors, Glenn Ford, Olivia Hussey, George Kennedy, Masao Kusakari, Henry Silva and Robert Vaughn. 155 minutes (Japan), cut to 108 minutes (US), cut to 93 minutes (tv). Colour. / A germ-warfare virus is stolen and accidentally released; only those in very cold areas survive the onslaught of what ...

Visual Novel

Term popularized in Japan for a text-based Videogame usually enhanced with Anime-style illustrations and audio dialogue; not to be confused or conflated with the Graphic Novel. Although marketing for visual novels (­VNs) is apt to describe them as enhanced, interactive books, they might just as easily be described as Adventure games with extremely limited branches and gameplay. Considering that most use a graphic style derived from Anime, they might even be parsed as extremely limited works ...

Mayakovsky, Vladimir

(1893-1930) Russian poet and playwright, a revolutionary from early years, a Futurist poet whose verse radically shocked post-Revolution Russia. Of particular sf interest is his first fully fledged prose Satirical play, Klop (performed 1929; 1929; trans Guy Daniels as The Bedbug in The Complete Plays of Vladimir Mayakovsky, coll 1968), in which, some generations hence, a Soviet bureaucrat who has been in Suspended Animation, is kept in a Zoo after he proves both charismatic and transgressive. ...

Jensen, Bruce

(1962-    ) US illustrator of whom Vincent Di Fate wrote in Infinite Worlds (1997): "Bruce Jensen's impeccably done illustrations in airbrush and acrylics are more conceptual than literal and are a refreshing departure from the highly narrative works that now dominate the SF paperback book racks." Like Richard Powers and Diane and Leo Dillon before him and John Picacio and Rick Berry more recently, Jensen has been influential in reminding publishers and public alike that ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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